Piezoresistive pressure sensors monitor hydrogen supply
Forze benefits from a diverse network of partners who offer technology, management support and funding: among their number is Kistler. The measurement technology experts provide Forze with various sensors and systems for vehicle development: instrumentation to regulate the hydrogen supply is one key aspect, along with other more performance-related solutions. Development is still in progress on the new Forze IX, which will be the first in the series to have two fuel cells, thus doubling the power transmitted to four independent electric motors – one for each wheel. There are also four built-in hydrogen tanks with total capacity of 8.4 kilograms of the volatile gas.
“We’re delighted to have Kistler as our domain partner. First contact was made in 2017, and their products have always been of the highest quality – reliable, and easy to use. What’s more, Kistler has such a wide-ranging portfolio that we can apply their products to many different systems in our car. Kistler technology will definitely help us push for greater reliability and performance once the car hits the race track.”
Thomas Noordzij, PR and Marketing Manager at Forze Hydrogen Racing
Compact and multifunctional: key advantages
In vehicle development, Forze uses a Kistler 4080BT pressure and temperature transducer – which was specially developed for racing applications – to measure the cooling fluid immediately upstream of the pump in the fuel cell cooling cycle. Since the temperature rise inside the pump is negligible, this transducer is also used to measure the temperature before the inlet of the radiator, which ultimately cools the cooling fluid. “This allows us to evaluate the cooling performance,” says India van Doornen, Chief Engineer at Forze. “We also use 4080BT transducers in the front and rear drivetrain cooling cycle. Especially here, packaging is a major challenge – so it's very beneficial that the Kistler sensors are extremely small as compared to the alternatives. And the sensors' ability to measure both pressure and temperature makes them efficient to operate.”A second piezoresistive pressure sensor, the 4007D from Kistler, is used on the cathode side of the fuel cell system to measure air pressure inside the fuel cell. “This is one of the most important sensors on the cathode side, because the compressor is such a crucial element,” van Doornen points out. “It's generally very easy to set up and customize sensors and amplifiers from Kistler for our purposes. So we didn't need any technical support until now, but our contacts with Kistler have always met with fast and supportive responses.”
Going head-to-head with petrol cars – despite zero emissions
Track tests for the Forze IX are planned for spring 2023, and the first race will likely take place this summer. Noordzij again: “We'll then be up against petrol-powered Porsches and Lamborghinis in the Supercar Challenge – and we're of course keen to enter our first race! As well as competing in these races, we participate in national and international events focusing on hydrogen and motorsports – and we organize 'Track Days' about once a year. Spreading knowledge about the technology, and promoting hydrogen and fuel cells, are key elements of our work.” By then, Forze will have applied even more Kistler technology for vehicle development: one example is the Correvit SF-Motion racing sensor that can measure not only speed, lateral and longitudinal accelerations but also pitch and roll angles – highly dynamically and even under challenging environmental conditions. “This holistic sensor will be used during testing this spring. Thanks to its broad functionality and high accuracy, we can use it to evaluate large numbers of other sensors that are already integrated in the car,” van Doornen explains. Last but not least, Kistler will provide Forze with a newly developed solution: the KiTorq DS sensor, designed specifically for high-performance automotive applications including motor sports. It will be used to monitor fatigue of the driveshaft, which is subjected to heavy loads when the accumulator boost is engaged. This new feature of the Forze IX is charged by recovering energy during braking and with excess power from the fuel cell; it achieves rapid acceleration, but also exerts a heavy load on the driveshaft as compared to regular fuel cell power. Final words from Thomas Noordzij: “All these Kistler solutions help us to optimize our car's reliability and performance. It's a two-way process, because we also test and validate the prototypes, and send our data from the race track back to Kistler. So it's a win-win situation for both partners: helping to develop innovative measurement technology for hydrogen in – and beyond – sustainable racing applications.”